Korku Tribal Community

In 1973 Government of India earmarked certain Tribe as Primitive Tribe Group (usually called PTG). In Madhya Pradesh 3 out of 46 scheduled Tribe communities made it but Korku were left. There are plenty of information that shows that they were eligible. The first census of Kokru was undertaken by the British in 1871 and at that time they numbered less than Sahariya and Baiga tribes who are in the PTG. Census 1931 also noted that "Korku is the most backward tribe ... it has only 3 literate male and no literate women. Again in 1961 the census recorded there are only 61 male literate and 5 literate women across Central India. Census 2001 noted that the literacy rate of Korku in Khandwa district ( their present highest concentration in Madhya Pradesh) is 38.8% with female literacy lower at 24.5%. In present time the malnutrition scenario among them is "alarming" refer to any national or international surveys. UNESCO has listed Korku language as one of the 196 endangered languages of India.

The first census of Kokru was undertaken by the British in 1871 and at that time they numbered less than Sahariya and Baiga tribes who are in the PTG. The earlier district gazettes noted: " they lived in forests and eked their livelihood through hunting and shifting cultivation (jhum) ...

Korku is the language of the Korku tribe of central India. It belongs to the Kolarian or Munda family. Korku has been classified as an endangered language of India. A census taken in 2001 reported 574,481 people claiming to speak Korku. Korku language as one of the 196 endangered languages of India.

They have been late settlers maybe by end of 19th century from a hunter -gatherer life. This led to rapid acculturation posing threat to their indigenous culture and traditions. The resource scarcity and attacks from marching Aryans drew them to various parts even to hide in caves and rock shelters.

Khalwa Block of Khandwa (MP) is also called East Nimar and is the major habitattion of Korku tribe in the state. They number nearly 1,13,000. The region during pre-Independence was refreered to as Centarl Provionce & Berar. Various political powers that ruled the region since 320 BC are recorded in history.